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Spanish Music and Folklore
Universidad Complutense de Madrid
This course is designed for students who have completed or tested out of a minimum of three semesters (or five quarters) of college-level Spanish. However, students must take a plac
-Concept of folklore. Generalities. Characteristics. Music researchers and their importance in the study of folklore.
-Vocal music in folklore. Importance of romance. Sefardíes songs. Most common structures of song. Popular song in various voices.
-Classification of song by the themes: play, love, lullaby, serenades. Characteristics of each type.
-Folkloric dance. The most important dances. Their musical accompaniment.
-The flamenco song. Origins. Classifications, themes, the language and the singers.
-Folklore in the cultured music of the end of the 19th century and beginning of the 20th century.
-Influence of Spanish folklore in Latin America.
-Musical life in Spain after the Renaissance. Music chapels: their composition. The maestros of the chapel: their duties and importance.
-Profane vocal music. The singers of the Colombina.
-The figure of Juan del Enzina. Christmas carol.
-Religious music in the 16th century. The three great musicians: Morales, Guerrero and Victoria
-Instrumental music. The vihuela. The first vihuelistas, the musical forms they used.
-The guitar and its importance in the 17th century. Gaspar Sanz
-Keyboard music: the organ. Cabezón (16th century), Cabanilles (17th century) and Soler (18th century)
-Baroque music: waltz and the mass "Scala Aretina"
-The mystery of Elche as a living work and its musical enrichment through the centuries.
-Spanish music in the 19th and 20th centuries. Characteristics. The music researchers and the resurgence of popular music.
-The guitar of the 19th century. Fernando Sor--music and theater.
-The Spanish comedy (zarzuela) as a genuine form of Spanish music. Origins. Its relation with folklore.
-Principal authors of the zarzuela: Chueca, Chapi, Bretón, etc. Zarzuela in the 20th century.
-Spanish nationalist music and its relation with European music. Importance of folklore. Characteristics and objectives of the musicians.
-Nicolás Albéiz and Enrique Granados
-Manuel de Falla. His relation with literature and folklore.
-The flamenco. Its relation with cultured music. The flamenco and its importance in folklore.