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Islamic Culture in Spain (English)
University of Granada
Granada, Spain

Subject Area(s) Level(s) Instruction in Credits Contact Hours Prerequisites
Sociology 300 English 3 40 N/A

General description
This class is divided in two blocks where the most important aspects of the Hispanic-Muslim civilization will be connected. Block I will begin with the Arabic culture in general. The objectives of the class will be focused so the student can be capable of of understanding the reality of Al-Andalus at the political, economic, social, and cultural levels (Block II). Since the city is the nucleus where these aspects are interelated, section B has been dedicated to the Spanish-Arab city, with special attention to Granada and the Alhambra.

I. Arab-Islamic Culture.
1. Preislamic Arabia- Social, political, economic, religious, and linguistic structure of Arabia before the birth of the Prophet.
2. Mohammed : prophet and man of state. Biography of Mohammed up to the beginnings of the revelation. The beginning of Islamic preaching. The development of Islam up to the death of the prophet.
3. The beginnings of Islam : The expansion- Rachudines caliphate. The division of Islam : Sunnies, Chiles, and Jariyies.
4. Modus vivendi of Islam : The Koran and the Hadices. The pillars of the Islamic faith. The principles of Islamic theology. The legal schools.

II. Section A: Al-Andalus.
5. The conquest of the caliphate. The Arab-Berber conquist. The dependent Emirate of Damasco. The Omeya caliphate of Cordova.
6. The kingdoms of Taifas and the Mahgrebies dynasty. Disintegration of Al-Andalus- Taifas- Almohades- Almoravides.
7. The Kingdom of Granada. Granada of the Nasries. The nostalgia of Al-Andalus- Moors.
8. The tolerance in Muslim Spain.- Arabs and Mozarabs. Mudejars.
9. Al- Andalus, a sui generis feudalism.- Agriculture and farming. The industry : production and professional organization. Commerce.

Section B : The Spanish- Arabic city.
10. Urban infrastructure. Roads and bridges. The water : Irrigation channels and tanks. Aqueducts, waterwheels and mills.
11. The defense system- ramparts, Barbican, Towers, Doors.
12. The city : Alcazabas. Medinas. Arrabales. Juderia. Musara and Musalla. Cemetaries, streets, parapet walks, and squares. The Zoco- the corn exchange and silk custom house. The outskirts of the city.
13. The architectur of the city. Houses. Palaces. Baths. Mosques.
14. A day in Al-Andalus. The family. Women. The food. Dress. The celebrations.

Section C: the Andalusian culture.
15. The poetic splendor of Al-Andalus. Themes. The most relevant poets. Popular poetry : Ibn Guzmanand the Zejel. The relation between Andalusian and Romance poetry.
16. Science in Muslim Spain. Botanical gardens. Pharmacology. Medicine. Agronomy. Mathematics. Astrology. Veterinary medicine.
17. Spanish-Muslim art. General view. Architecture: Alhambra. Applied arts. Music and dance.
18. The Andalusian legacy. The School of Translators of Toledo. Linguistic inheritance. The European legacy. Al-Andalus in contemporary Spain.

The class will entail magisterial explanations, readings referring to the contents, films, and tours of the principle architectual vestiges of the city where appropriate questionaires will be filled out. Also at the end of the course, the students should capture on a map of Granada the Andalusian landmarks that shaped the Islamic city.

Attention and participation in class will be valued at 20%.
The implication of the students on the cultural visits and activites will be valued at 30%.
Examination and the coherent summary of the notes in class will be valued at 50%.

El Corán, introducción, traducción y notas de VERNET, Juan, Barcelona, Pla-
neta, 1983.
SANTIAGO SIM?"N, E., Las claves del mundo islámico (622-1945) n° 49,
Barcelona, Planeta, 1991.
COLLINS, R., La Conquista Árabe (710-797), Barcelona, Crítica, 1991.
SECO DE LUCENA, L., Plano de Granada árabe, Granada, 1910.
L?"PEZ GUZMÁN, R La arquitectura del Islam Occidental, Granada, 1995
Mahoma, el mensajero de Dios, Producción británico-kuwaiti, dirigida por
Mustafa Akkad.
Requiem por Granada, fragmentos de la serie de televisión.
Legado Andalusi, fragmentos audio-visuales

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